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2002 Cadillac Escalade

Review by Dr. David A. Zatz

 

Review Notes: Cadillac Escalade EXT
Personality Work truck in genteel wrapper
Quirks Door handle, brake release placement; heavy truck under Cadillac coating; cruise control
Unusual features Stability system, backup warning system, fold-down rear seats with removable window glass, storage compartments in bed-sides
Above Average: Handling, braking, capacity
Needs Work In: Gas mileage, liftgate weight

Cadillac’s Escalade has not shaken the world with its sales, but it did survive even though the Lincoln Blackwood came and went in the blink of an eye. Since the basic engineering of the truck was already done, the Escalade is most likely a profit leader for GM, taking a Chevrolet truck and, with some refinements to the interior and suspension, making it into a substantially more expensive Cadillac. Hence the Escalade eXT, following on the success of the Chevrolet Avalanche – which is, in essence, what the Escalade EXT is, albeit with some major improvements.

First, the Escalade EXT has Stabilitrak, a very effective automatic stability system which provides startling improvements in handling. The Escalade doesn’t feel like a sports car, but it takes turns no truck has the right to try, and does it without screeching tires or feelings of imminent loss of control. We hope drivers will use it responsibly – but it certainly makes the Escalade handy around tight, fast turns.

2002 Cadillac EscaladeSecond, the Cadillac version has a road sensing suspension and automatic level control, which, with Stabilitrak, keep the truck well-composed regardless of environmental conditions

Third, and very handy, is the ultrasonic rear parking assist system, which beeps when an obstruction is sensed behind the vehicle, and lights up one, two, or three LEDs to tell roughly how much free space is behind the vehicle. That really helps in parking this behemoth, making it easier to back in the Cadillac than most small pickups.

These, along with every other feature discussed in this review, are all standard – included in the $50,000 recommended retail price. (The only option our test vehicle had was a $1,550 power glass sunroof.)

What else do you get for your top of the line price? First, it’s a Cadillac, which means you get roadside assistance for the life of the vehicle, along with a year of OnStar service and a four year, 50,000 mile warranty; not to mention premium wood trim, leather seats, an excellent stereo with a CD changer and cassette deck, along with rear seat controls and earphones;  electronic climate control; and power windows, 2002 Cadillac Escaladelocks, and heated mirrors. Not bad, and, indeed, a good deal next to the Chevrolet Avalanche, which is much less expensive but has a shorter warranty, no standard stability systems, and no rear parking assist, which can save you from bashing in a Mercedes grille someday.

Safety features include all-wheel drive with automatic adjusting torque split, a more practical system for most on-road driving than four wheel drive; four-wheel antilock disk brakes; driver and passenger front and side airbags; a manually adjustable rear center lap belt for child seats; and Stabilitrak to avoid accidents.

Since it’s also basically an Avalanche at heart, it has that system that lets you take the window out and fold down the rear seats, extending the bed a little. That’s the Convert-A-Cab™ system with the “magical midgate™” panel. The rear window can be safely stashed in a convenient pocket so it can actually stay in one piece, and not get left behind.

The bed is covered by a series of three covers, each easy to remove and reinstall. They protect the contents of the bed from thieves and the elements, while making the truck more aerodynamic. The designers even put glow-in-the-dark handles on the levers that lock and unlock the bed cover, so you can work at night if needed. Putting the bed cover on is easier than with a soft tonneau cover, and the cover itself provides better security – and presumably a longer life. We do miss the Avalanche’s molded-in foot-holds, which help people to climb into the high bed. The bed itself is covered by a removable rubber mat, which keeps things firmly in place, but can be hard to wash thoroughly. Our main gripe with the function of the Escalade EXT, actually, was the weight of the liftgate itself – it was far heavier than needed, and on a Cadillac, that weight (and the awkwardness entailed in opening it) seemed out of place.

Another Avalanche feature not on our Escalade was the drink heater/cooler, a surprising omission given all the other gadgets. It did come with the clever oil life sensing system, which can triple the time between oil changes.

Owners can also customize various aspects of how their vehicle works – for example, whether one door or all doors automatically lock and unlock. There are two profiles available, and the preferences can be changed via the key fob or the door switch, along with the driver’s seat memory. There is also a trip memory showing high speed and distance travelled for each day, and a depressing gas mileage computer, in a center-mounted console. Outside temperature and compass reading are in the mirror, while OnStar is in the dashboard.

The instrument panel is different from those used in Chevy trucks, more sporty, with emphasis on the speedometer and tachometer. There are still a full complement of gauges, including a transmission temperature gauge. Controls are mostly sensible, though we have our differences with the corporate GM cruise control, and the on-wheel radio controls are too far in to do much good. The automated climate control provides easy manual overrides and is easy to figure out and use.

2002 Cadillac EscaladeThe front has the new Cadillac styling, not unlike the CTS. Side body cladding is tasteful and in the same color as the steel.c

The engine is GM’s corporate 345 horse 6.0 liter V8, providing truck-like performance with high torque at relatively low engine speeds. Acceleration is good if unspectacular from a stop, and very impressive at highway speeds. The air conditioner is powerful, but has little effect on engine performance. Gas mileage, as one might expect, suffers from the heavy truck and huge engine, with an EPA estimated 12 mpg city, 15 highway.

The Escalade EXT is an interesting vehicle, providing Cadillac gadgetry and luxury trim with Avalanche brute force and function. For most people, this truck is overkill and impractical – if you’re just looking for a large interior, luxury appointments, and a high riding position, we suggest you try a Chrysler Town & Country minivan instead. It’s larger inside than a Ford Expedition, can have all wheel drive, and gets over 20 miles per gallon, with a price tag far below the Escalade.

On the other hand, if you want to tow a heavy trailer in style, or need a five-passenger pickup for some work-related reason, the Cadillac Escalade EXT is quite desirable. The price is not inflated considering what it comes with, and there really aren’t any competitors to “the most powerful luxury sport utility truck.”

Specifications

Overview

Model: Escalade EXT
Body style / driveline: all-wheel-drive / 4-door, 5-passenger luxury sport utility truck
Construction: all-welded, fully-boxed, ladder-type channel design, with hydroformed front and rear sections
Manufacturing location: Silao, Mexico
 
Engines
Type: Vortec 6000 6.0L V8 (LQ9)
Displacement (cu in / cc): 366 / 6000
Bore & stroke (in / mm): 4 x 3.62 / 101.6 x 92
Block material: cast iron
Cylinder head material: cast aluminum
Valvetrain: OHV, two valves per cylinder Ignition system: coil near plug, platinum-tipped spark plugs, low-resistance spark plug wires
Fuel delivery: sequential port fuel injection
Compression ratio: 10:1
Horsepower (hp / kw @ rpm): 345 / 257 @ 5200
Torque (lb-ft / Nm @ rpm): 380 / 515 @ 4000
Recommended fuel: premium unleaded recommended but not required
Maximum engine speed (rpm): 5600
Emissions controls: 3-way low-density catalytic converter, exhaust gas recirculation, positive crankcase ventilation, evaporative collection system
Estimated fuel economy
(mpg city / hwy / combined):
12 / 15 / 13
 
Transmissions
Type: Hydra-Matic 4L60-E, heavy-duty 4-speed automatic
Gear ratios (:1):

First:

3.06

Second:

1.63

Third:

1.00

Fourth:

0.70

Reverse:

2.29
Final drive ratio: 3.73:1
 
Chassis/Suspension
Front: independent with torsion bars, 32mm stabilizer bar
Rear: 5-link coil springs with automatic load leveling, 29mm stabilizer bar
Traction control: all-speed traction control
Steering type: power electronic, recirculating ball, speed sensitive
Steering ratio: 14:1
Steering wheel turns,
lock-to-lock:
3.3
Turning circle, curb-to-curb
(ft / m):
43.08 / 13.13
Turning circle, wall-to-wall
(ft / m):
46 / 14.02
StabiliTrak: vehicle stability enhancement system with ABS, stability control, traction control system Road Sensing Suspension, real time damping: ride control system, brake system, steering, electronic throttle control
 
Brakes
Type: hydro-boost apply system, four-wheel disc
Rotor diameter x thickness
(in / mm):
front: 12.01 x 1.14 / 305 x 29
rear: 13 x 1.18 / 330 x 30
 
Wheels/Tires
Wheel size and type (in / mm): 17 x 7.5 / 431.8 x 190.5
Tires: all-season touring Goodyear steel-belted (AL2) radials P265/70/R17
 
Dimensions
Exterior
Wheelbase (in / mm): 130 / 3302
Overall length (in / mm): 221.4 / 5623
Overall width (in / mm): 79.5 / 2018
Overall height, including
luggage rack (in / mm):
75.6 / 1921
Track (in / mm): front: 65 / 1651
rear: 66 / 1676
Minimum ground clearance
(in / mm):
10.7 / 271.7
Ground to top of rear bed load
floor with mat (in / mm):
31 / 787.4
Curb weight (lbs / kg): 5752 / 2609
Weight distribution (% front / rear): 52 / 48
 
Interior
Head room (in / mm): front: 40.7 / 1033
second row: 38.6 / 981
Leg room (in / mm): front: 41.3 / 1049
second row: 38.9 / 989
Shoulder room (in / mm): front: 65.2 / 1656
second row: 65.2 / 1656
Hip room (in / mm): front: 62 / 1575
second row: 62 / 1575
Cargo volume w/ Midgate up,
2nd row folded (cu ft / liters):
53.9 / 1526
Cargo bed capacity maximum, Midgate up (cu ft / liters): 41.1 / 1163.8
Maximum w/ second row seat and Midgate down (cu ft / liters): 97.6 / 2746.7
Cargo Box Width (in / mm): 50 / 1270
Length, Midgate up (in / mm): 63 / 1600
Length, Midgate down (in / mm): 97 / 2479
Height (in / mm): 25 / 635
Top box storage (cu ft / liters): 1.7 / 48.1
 
Capacities
EPA passenger volume
(cu ft / liters):
front: 63.4 / 1795
second row: 56.8 / 1608
Trailer towing maximum (lbs / kg): 7400 / 3356.6
Fuel tank (gals / liters): 30.9 / 117
Engine oil (qts / liters): 6 / 5.6
Cooling system (qts / liters): 13.4 / 12.72

Options / What’s New For 2003

  • Improved StabiliTrak, upgraded to a 4-channel system
  • Improved braking capability: better feel, quieter operation
  • Power adjustable brake and accelerator pedals with memory
  • New seat safety features, including early compliance to 2005 federal standards
  • Dual-level and passenger-sensing air bags
  • High intensity discharge (HID) headlamps
  • XM Satellite Radio (optional)
  • Improved exterior mirrors, turn-signal indicator added
  • Chrome wheels (optional)
  • Optional second row bucket seats
  • Redesigned instrument panel and cluster and center floor console
  • New driver information center
  • New steering wheel with eight-button steering wheel controls
  • Advanced infotainment systems featuring a Panasonic DVD Entertainment system and improved rear-seat audio controls
  • Enhanced Bose audio system
  • Redesigned seats
  • High airflow, dual-zone electronic climate control system
  • Fully integrated, Class II multiplexed electrical architecture
  • New OnStar/cellular/GPS antenna
  • OnStar Directions & Connections

2004 ESCALADE EXT | New for 2004

  • Most powerful full-size SUV in the world
  • XM Satellite Radio (continental U.S. only), trailering package and tire pressure monitor now standard
  • Sunroof and rear seat entertainment can now be combined
  • Exterior colors: Quicksilver, Red E
  • Sable Black exterior renamed Black Raven

GM Press Release: June 1, 2003

ESCALADE EXT BRINGS NEW BUYERS TO CADILLAC

When it first debuted, the Escalade EXT represented Cadillac’s vision in a number of ways: a luxury division willing to take risks and explore uncharted territory, willing to break from tradition and launch an entirely unexpected, expressive vehicle.

Indeed, the vision has been achieved. A sport utility truck, with elements of a luxury SUV and pickup truck, the Escalade EXT is Cadillac’s novel, groundbreaking interpretation of the genre, and a bold, brash symbol of Cadillac’s reinvigoration.

In 2002 Escalade EXT sold 13,494 vehicles in the U.S., with 44 percent new to GM, exposing the division to new generations and categories of buyers who might not have considered a Cadillac in the past. Like its older sibling, Escalade, the EXT has appeared in music videos and custom wheel advertisements and is often found in the garages of professional athletes and celebrities.

In addition, the Escalade EXT made its Hollywood debut in May 2003 in “The Matrix Reloaded.” In what has been billed as one of the most stunning car chases of all time, the vehicle, along with the Cadillac CTS, zipped its way through a 1.5-mile (2.4 km) loop on an old U.S. naval base in California, built especially for the sequel.

The 2003 model year brought many changes to the award-winning Escalade EXT. For 2004, subtle refinements and new standard equipment improve the marque.

New standard equipment
In 2004, XM Satellite Radio (continental U.S. only) becomes standard equipment, along with the trailering package and tire pressure monitoring system. Buyers can now opt for both the sunroof and rear seat entertainment. In the past, they had to select one or the other.

New colors
New exterior colors include Quicksilver and Red E, replacing Silver Sand and Green Envy. Sable Black has been renamed Black Raven for 2004.

Powertrains
The best-in-class High Output Vortec 6000 V-8 cranks out 345 horsepower (257 kw) at 5200 rpm and 380 lb.-ft. of torque (515 Nm) at 4000 rpm. The engine links to the Hydra-Matic 4L60-E heavy-duty electronically controlled four-speed automatic transmission with overdrive. Electronic throttle control provides precise throttle progression.

Safety features
The Escalade EXT features an automatic passenger-sensing air bag system that automatically deactivates the passenger-side front air bag under certain conditions to help protect smaller occupants. The system assesses the size of the occupant in the seat, based on the measured weight in the seat cushion and tension in the belt system, if any. If these measurements are typical for a small occupant or a child in a booster seat, for example, the air bag is disabled. If they are typical for a larger occupant, the air bag is enabled. As no system is perfect, there is a tell-tale in the rearview mirror that lets the occupant know if the system is ON or OFF. Also, children are always safer in the back seat. Side impact air bags are also standard for both the driver and front passenger. In addition, side-impact door beams and energy-absorbing foam blocks on the interior help protect occupants against head injuries.

The Escalade EXT also has dual-stage frontal air bags for both driver and passenger. The system is designed to detect vehicle deceleration and provide an appropriate amount of air-bag inflation. The system senses crash severity and deploys the air bag with the primary or “lower” amount of inflation or with primary and secondary “higher” amount of inflation. Side impact air bags are also standard for both the driver and front passenger. In addition, side-impact door beams and energy-absorbing foam blocks on the interior help protect occupants against head injuries. Escalade EXT has a center seat shoulder belt in the second row and a child restraint anchor system to make installing child seats easier and safer.

Driver confidence is assured in unpredictable weather conditions with Escalade’s full-time all-wheel drive system, four-channel StabiliTrak system and Borg-Warner one-speed full-time open-differential transfer case. Any of the four wheels can be independently controlled with the four-channel system, offering more stable, controlled ABS stops, improved fuel economy, reliability and serviceability, and greater yaw-stability control. Benefits include reduced understeer and proper brake pressure for traction and yaw stability control at all times.

Exterior
The Escalade EXT is unmistakably a Cadillac with its sheer, chiseled forms and bold styling. In its standard configuration, EXT offers a roomy, luxurious, comfortable five-passenger cab and a 5-foot, 3-inch (1.5 m, 7.6 cm) long cargo box. Luxury customers requiring more cargo room can easily convert the reconfigurable Midgate system in a few minutes without any tools, extending the bed to a full 8-foot, 1-inch (2.4 m, 2.5 cm). The Midgate folds into the interior of the cab to create a 4 foot x 8 foot (1.2 m x 2.4 m) cargo area to transport large items, from artwork to a large screen TV.

Items are protected from the elements and theft by a standard three-piece cargo cover and lockable tailgate. The cargo box also offers protection for items secured inside. The sides of the cargo box, along with the Midgate and tailgate, are constructed of Pro-Tec composite material. The rear window is removable to allow for additional cargo space or for added air circulation. The window is easily stowed on board and works in conjunction with the Midgate.

Interior
The instrument panel and cluster place more crucial operating data in front of the driver. Italian luxury brand Bvlgari designed the face of the analog clock, located in the console. An ebony background offsets the white facing of the graphics and control knobs for a harmonious, integrated look. Minimalistic cluster gauges have brushed painted halos highlighting the tachometer and speedometer. A new, jeweled wreath and crest horn pad emblem completes the interior.

For audio/visual aficionados, Escalade EXT has an available DVD rear seat entertainment system with a 7-inch flip-down screen and DVD navigation system, standard XM Satellite Radio and a premium seven-speaker Bose sound system with an in-dash six-disc changer and digital signal processing for superb imaging, stage and spectral response. The navigation system uses an onboard computer and vehicle sensors to interact with the Global Positioning System (GPS) and the DVD map database to provide precise vehicle location and to calculate a driving route to a destination. It can help locate and provide routes to addresses, intersections, and points of interest such as ATMs, restaurants, hospitals and museums – all with visual and voice guided directions.

Smart electrical systems
An advanced multiplexed electrical architecture greatly reduces the number of wires, splices and connectors, minimizes weight and improves packaging efficiency, reliability and durability. The architecture enables the driver information center, infotainment, automatic climate control and the passenger-sensing system.

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